London: Every woman has two ovaries and it is located on either side of the uterus in a woman’s body. In this article we are going to discussed about the ovarian cysts/tumors causes and risk factors.
The ovaries are two small organs helps body to make hormones, like estrogen that trigger menstruation. Every month ovaries release a tiny egg. And the egg makes its way down the fallopian tube to potentially be fertilized. And the cycle of releasing egg is known as ovulation.
What causes ovarian cysts?
Cysts are very common and particularly common during the childbearing years. These are fluid-filled sacs that can form in the ovaries. Ovarian cysts have different types and the most common is a functional cyst. And functional cyst forms during ovulation. That formation happens when the egg is not released or in which the egg forms does not dissolve after the egg is released. Other types of cysts include –
Endometriosis – Tissue from the limning of the uterus grows in other areas of the body, in women with this cysts.
Polycystic ovaries – In Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the follicles fail to open and cysts form. Follicles – in which the eggs are normally mature.
Cystadenomas – These cysts form out of cells on the surface of the ovary.
Dermoid cysts – it contains tissue similar to that in other parts of the body like skin, teeth and hair.
What causes ovarian tumors?
As other parts of the body tumors also can form in the ovaries. Tumors are said to be bening, if tumors are non-cancerous. And if they are cancerous, they are called malignant. Ovarian tumors are three types, that are given bellow –
The most common type of ovarian tumors is Epithelial cell tumors. It start from the cells on the surface of the ovaries.
Germ cell tumors start in the cells that produce the eggs. It can be bening or cancerous.
Stromal tumors originate in the cells that produce female hormones.
Doctors are identified several risk factors but they are not sure what causes ovarian cancer. And the risk factors are –
Age – the women who have gone through menopause.
Taking fertility drugs
Hormone replacement therapy
Not having children or not breastfeeding.
Family or personal history of ovarian, colorectal cancer or breast cancer.